Rehabilitation of the perineum through breathing exercises

The diaphragm is a muscle that separates the lungs from the abdomen and its primary function is to control the expansion or inhalation and contraction or exhalation of the lungs.

Diaphragmatic breathing gets its name from the muscle it engages: the diaphragm.

The pelvic floor is considered a second diaphragm that helps oxygenate the body.

How exactly do you perform diaphragmatic breathing?

Start by lying on your back with your knees slightly bent and your head supported.

Place one hand on your chest and the other on your abdomen, as this will help you determine if you are performing the breath correctly.

Breathe slowly through your nose and allow the air to flow from your chest to your abdomen.

As you take a deep breath, the hand on your chest should remain as still as possible, while the hand on your abdomen should rise.

Do not use your abdominal muscles to push out your stomach, but rather to allow the air to fill the abdomen.

Exhale slowly through your mouth and let your abdomen return to its resting position.

The hand on your chest should continue to remain as still as possible.

The diaphragm is a crucial muscle that separates the lungs from the abdomen and plays a vital role in the respiratory process. Its primary function is to regulate the expansion and contraction of the lungs during inhalation and exhalation.

Diaphragmatic breathing, also known as belly breathing or deep breathing, derives its name from the engagement of the diaphragm muscle. This type of breathing technique involves utilizing the diaphragm to its full capacity to enhance the oxygenation of the body.

Here is a step-by-step guide on how to perform diaphragmatic breathing:

  1. Start by lying down on your back in a comfortable position. You can also sit upright if that is more convenient for you.
  2. Place one hand on your chest and the other on your abdomen. This positioning allows you to monitor and feel the movement of your breath.
  3. Take a slow and deep breath in through your nose. Focus on filling your abdomen with air, allowing it to rise and expand. The hand on your abdomen should rise noticeably, while the hand on your chest should remain relatively still.
  4. As you inhale, imagine the air flowing deep into your belly, expanding your diaphragm downward.
  5. Exhale slowly through your mouth, emptying your lungs completely. As you exhale, feel your abdomen contracting and gently press inward with your hand to encourage the exhalation.
  6. Continue this deep breathing pattern, inhaling through your nose and exhaling through your mouth. Make sure to maintain a relaxed and steady pace throughout the exercise.

By practicing diaphragmatic breathing regularly, you can strengthen your diaphragm and improve your overall breathing technique. This type of breathing can help reduce stress, increase relaxation, and promote a sense of calmness in your body and mind.

Remember, diaphragmatic breathing should feel natural and effortless. With consistent practice, it will become a natural part of your breathing pattern, benefiting your overall well-being.

  1. As you continue diaphragmatic breathing, focus on the sensation of your breath entering and leaving your body. Pay attention to the gentle rise and fall of your abdomen with each breath, feeling the expansion and contraction of the diaphragm.
  2. Try to lengthen both your inhalation and exhalation. Gradually increase the duration of your breaths, taking slower and deeper breaths with each repetition. This helps to maximize the benefits of diaphragmatic breathing and further relax your body and mind.
  3. As you practice, you may find it helpful to incorporate visualization or meditation techniques. For example, you can imagine inhaling positive energy or soothing relaxation with each breath, and exhaling any tension or stress from your body.
  4. Diaphragmatic breathing can be practiced at any time and in any situation. It can be especially beneficial during moments of stress, anxiety, or when you simply want to unwind and find a sense of calm. Consider incorporating it into your daily routine, whether it’s during a dedicated meditation session or as a brief practice during your busy day.
  5. Gradually integrate diaphragmatic breathing into other activities, such as yoga, exercise, or even while performing tasks that require focus and concentration. This helps to deepen your connection with your breath and promotes a more mindful and centered state of being.
  6. Remember that diaphragmatic breathing is a skill that develops with practice. Be patient and compassionate with yourself as you explore this technique. With regular practice, you will become more attuned to your breath and experience the numerous benefits of diaphragmatic breathing in your daily life.

Incorporating diaphragmatic breathing into your routine can enhance your overall well-being, reduce stress, and promote relaxation. It serves as a powerful tool for connecting with your body, calming your mind, and cultivating a sense of inner peace.